Crossings and Nestings of Matchings and Partitions
William Y.C. Chen, Eva Y.P. Deng, Rosena R.X. Du, Richard P. Stanley and Catherine H. Yan
Abstract: We present results on the enumeration of crossings and nestings for matchings and set par- titions. Using a bijection between partitions and vacillating tableaux, we show that if we fix the sets of minimal block elements and maximal block elements, the crossing number and the nesting number of partitions have a symmetric joint distribution. It follows that the crossing numbers and the nesting numbers distributed symmetrically over all partitions of [n], as well as over all matchings on [2n]. As a corollary, the number of k-noncrossing partitions is equal to the number of k-nonnesting partitions. The same is also true for matchings. An application is given to the enumeration of matchings with no k-crossing (or with no k-nesting).
AMS Classification: 05A18, 05A15
Keywords: Crossing, nesting, partition, vacillating tableau