The Flagged Cauchy Determinant
William Y.C. Chen, C. Krattenthaler and Arthur L.B. Yang
Abstract: We consider a flagged form of the Cauchy determinant, for which we provide a combinatorial interpretation in terms of nonintersecting lattice paths. In combination with the standard determinant for the enumeration of nonintersecting lattice paths, we are able to give a new proof of the Cauchy identity for Schur functions. Moreover, by choosing different starting and end points for the lattice paths, we are led to a lattice path proof of an identity of Gessel which expresses a Cauchy-like sum of Schur functions in terms of the complete symmetric functions.
AMS Classification: 05E05, 05A15
Keywords: divided difference, Cauchy identity, flagged Cauchy determinant, multi-Schur function, nonintersecting lattice paths